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  JTM Co., Ltd.

Glossary

Import, Export, Shipping

CARS

Import, Export, Shipping

INVOICE

Purchase and Sales Contract indicating car name, units, price, and payment method. It is an important document effected by our signature and the buyer's one.

CONSIGNEE

The buyer. Strictly speaking, the person or the company who is responsible and has the right to pick up the imported car from the port. The imported car will belong to the consignee.

B/L

The buyer. Strictly speaking, the person or the company who is responsible and has the right to pick up the imported car from the port. The imported car will belong to the consignee.

T/T

Telegraphic Transfer (Wire Transfer)
A method of transferring funds from one entity to another. It can be done by a simple bank account transfer.

Freight

SFOB Japan

FOB Japan

"Free on Board"
Total cost at the Japan Port (does not include freight and marine insurance).

C&F

Cost & Freight. Total cost until landed to the destination port (except marine insurance).

CIF

Cost, Insurance, & Freight
Total cost until landed to the destination Port.

Certificate of Origin

A document that certifies of the origin of the goods.
Some countries need this document to import cars.

CARS

2-Wheel Drive (2WD)

Also see Front Wheel Drive or Rear Wheel Drive.

4-Wheel Drive (4WD)

A drive system where the engine drives all four wheels, 4WD helps improve traction under many circumstances.4WD can be part-time (low traction conditions only) or full-time (may be used on dry roads).

Accessories

Like options, these are features that don't come standard with a certain model, but are installed usually by the dealer. You can sometimes ask the dealer to add an accessory to a vehicle on hand.

Active Safety (ABS, VSC, TRAC)

A vehicle's safety features or equipment that help avoid collisions.(Examples: ABS, VSC, TRAC, etc.)

Airbag

A vehicle safety device. It is an occupant restraint consisting of a flexible envelope designed to inflate rapidly during an automobile collision, to prevent occupants from striking interior objects such as the steering wheel or a window.

All-Wheel Drive (AWD)

This system sends power to all four wheels at all times. You do not need to select 2- or 4-wheel drive, as in part-time 4-wheel-drive systems.

Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) Computer-controlled ABS modulates brake pressure during hard braking to help avoid wheel lock-up and maintain steering control. When the wheels begin to lock, the computer causes the brakes to pulse more rapidly than humanly possible, allowing the wheels to rotate rather than skid.

Automatic transmission (AT)

A type of transmission that enables the vehicle to change gears without the use of a clutch or manual shifting on the part of the driver. Automatic transmissions promote smooth, quiet shift performance.

Automatic Transmission Shift Lock

This safety device requires that the ignition is on and the brake pedal is depressed before the transmission lever can be moved out of "Park." The shift lock prevents a car from being put into "Drive" or "Reverse" and accelerating inadvertently.

Automotive Navigation System

A satellite navigation system designed for use in automobiles.
It typically uses a GPS navigation device to acquire position data to locate the user on a road in the unit's map database. Using the road database, the unit can give directions to other locations along roads also in its database.

AW

Aluminum Wheels
automobile wheels which are made from an alloy of aluminum or magnesium.Lighter wheels can improve handling by reducing unsprung mass, allowing suspension to follow the terrain more closely and thus improve grip.

Axle

A shaft on which a wheel revolves or which revolves with the wheel. (Also a solid beam that connects the two rear wheels of the vehicle.) Axles help support the vehicle and, in some cases, transmit torque to the drive wheels.

Battery

An electrochemical device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. Typical automotive batteries supply the source of power for cranking the engine and also the electrical energy for the ignition system.

Bodykit

A collection of exterior modifications to a car, typically composed of front and rear bumpers, side skirts, spoilers, paint jobs, and sometimes front and rear side guards and roof scoops.

Chassis

The vehicle's frame with all the operating parts, including the engine, drivetrain, suspension and brakes (but excluding the body, accessories and trim).

Clutch

Used in a manual transmission, this device connects and disconnects the engine, the transmission and the clutch pedal that the driver uses to operate it.

Cross member

One of several horizontal members in a vehicle's frame that join the side members and add to the vehicle's strength and stability.

Cruise Control

A system that automatically controls the speed of a motor vehicle. It takes over the throttle of the car to maintain a steady speed as set by the driver.

Cylinder

A hollow tube that is machined into the engine block and contains a piston.

Displacement

Refers to the primary measure of an engine's size (volume of air/fuel mixture) and is most often expressed in liters (a 2.0-liter engine displaces 2,000 cubic centimeters).

Double Cab

4 door cab with choice of 6 passenger (front bench seat) or 5 passenger (captain chairs) and 4 full-opening front-hinged doors and fully retractable rear windows.

Drive Shaft

The long hollow shaft with universal joints at both ends that carries power from the transmission to the differential in RWD and 4WD vehicles.

Dual Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)

In vehicles equipped with an air bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) |1| an airbag inflates with nitrogen gas within a fraction of a second to help support a driver's head and upper torso to help prevent serious injury in a severe frontal impact. |1| All the airbag (AB) systems are Supplemental Restraint Systems. All ABs (if installed) are designed to inflate only under certain conditions and in certain types of severe collisions: frontal and knee ABs typically inflate in frontal collisions; side and side curtain ABs in side collisions; Roll-Sensing Curtain ABs at a severe tilt degree, roll or lateral G-force. In all other accidents, the ABs will not inflate. To decrease the risk of injury from an inflating AB, always wear seatbelts, sit upright in the middle of the seat as far back as possible and do not lean against the door. Do not put objects in front of an AB or around the seatback. Do not use a rearward-facing child seat in any front passenger seat. The force of an inflating AB may cause serious injury or death. See your Owner's Manual for further information/warnings..

Electronically Controlled Automatic Transmission (ECT)

Electronically Controlled automatic Transmission.

Engine Immobilizer

An ID code stored in a transponder embedded in the ignition key is compared to the ignition transponder. If the codes match, the immobilizer is deactivated and allows the engine to start. If the codes do not match, the engine will not start.

EPA-estimated fuel economy

Mileage figures arrived at through laboratory tests conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Mileage figures for city and highway driving are usually reduced by a set factor to more closely reflect "real-world" driving.

ETC

Electronic Toll Collection
An system to eliminate the delay on toll roads by collecting tolls electronically.

Front-Wheel Drive (FWD)

Allowing more passenger and cargo room by placing the engine transversely (or sideways), this system carries the weight of the engine and transmission over the drive wheels, helping to improve traction in certain situations.

Fuel injection

A type of fuel induction system that uses a pump and injectors to pump fuel under pressure into the incoming air stream, as opposed to a carburetor. In modern engines, electronic fuel injection (EFI) precisely measures the amount of fuel used, improving drivability, performance, economy and emissions control.

Fuel pump

A device that draws fuel from the fuel tank and delivers it to the fuel injectors.

Generator

The part of a vehicle's electrical system that creates direct current.

High-Intensity Discharge Headlamps (HID)

HID headlamps use a metal halide bulb as a light source for the low beam. Metal halide bulbs are superior to halogen bulbs because the light emitted is closer in color to sunlight. The light shines ahead over a broader area of the road, as well as farther forward, to help increase driver visibility. HIDs also consume less power and last longer than regular halogen bulbs.

Light-Emitting Diode (LED)

Light-Emitting Diode (tail-lamps) make vehicles more distinctive and reduce power consumption.

Manual transmission (MT, M/T)

A type of transmission that utilizes a mechanical clutch and is operated manually by the driver.

Model Grade

A certain model (Corolla, Avalon, etc.) may come in several varieties or levels of "trim." These are often designated with letter combinations, like CE or XLE. The model grade is usually based on features that come standard with a vehicle, though some stylistic differences may also factor.

MT

(M/T) Manual Transmission.

Navigation

Automotive navigation system

Odometer

An instrument that measures and registers the miles and tenths of miles the vehicle has been driven.

Options

These are features that do not come standard with a certain model, but are installed by the factory. Since the vehicles arrive at the dealer already equipped with options, you don't really choose an option; rather, you choose a vehicle with the options you like. Not all options are available separately or in all regions. You can contact your Toyota dealer to help you locate a vehicle that is right for you.

Park Assist

An advanced computerized system that utilizes sonar sensors to detect obstacles directly behind and at the front and rear corners of the vehicle, then alerts the driver via an indicator light on the dash and a buzzer tone.

Power Steering

A system that provides mechanical steering assistance to the driver of a car.

Power Window

Automobile windows which can be raised and lowered by depressing a button or switch.

Radiator

A device that transfers heat from the liquid coolant to the atmosphere.

Rear-Wheel Drive (RWD)

With the engine driving only the rear wheels, RWD offers advantages for high-performance driving, towing and carrying heavy loads.

Regular Cab

2-door cab with choice of bench or captain chair seats.

Ro Ro

Vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles, trucks and trailers that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels.

Shock absorbers

A sealed chamber filled with hydraulic fluid that helps the suspension system maintain optimum ride and handling.

Smart Key System

An advanced computerized system that uses sensors to automatically unlock the doors and start the vehicle without the use of a traditional key. Also known as keyless entry, keyless start and push-button start.

Springs

Components that help the suspension deliver optimum ride and handling. Springs vary by design and include leaf springs, coil springs and torsion bar.

Strut Bar

A mostly aftermarket car suspension accessory usually used in conjunction with MacPherson struts on monocoque or chassis to provide extra stiffness between the strut towers.

Tachometer

An instrument for measuring and indicating the speed at which the engine crankshaft is turning, as measured in revolutions per minute (rpm).

T-Bar Roof

An automobile roof with removable panels on either side of a rigid bar running from the center of one structural bar between pillars to the center of the next structural bar, the panels of a traditional T-Top are usually made of auto grade safety glass.

Targa Top

A semi-convertible car body style with a removable roof section and a full width roll bar behind the seat.

Timing Belt

A part of an internal combustion engine that controls the timing of the engine's valves.
It connects the crankshaft to the camshaft(s), which in turn controls the opening and clothing of the engine's valves.

Tinted Windows

A deeply-tinted rear and side window glass that helps keep the sun's rays out of the passenger cabin and provides an added measure of occupant privacy.

Turbine

A rotary engine that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.

Turbo

A centrifugal compressor powered by a turbine which is driven by an engine's exhaust gases. Its benefit lies with the compressor increasing the pressure of air entering the engine thus resulting in greater performance..

Used Vehicle

A vehicle that has been previously owned or driven. Also referred to as a pre-owned car.

WSRS

A vehicle that has been previously owned or driven. Also referred to as a pre-owned car.
WSRS
SRS on driver's seat and passenger's seat